They can still be difficult for the average grower. 3Ltr+ Pot Spacing: Leave enough room so that foliage does not overlap within crop time. Banana-like fruits (to 3” long) are dry and inedible. It will grow a bit smaller in containers, or a big bigger in really big pots. en-SET-ay ven-trih-KOE-sum Audio This banana-like perennial has large paddle-shaped leaves, which range in color from deep claret brown to red-purple to pale green, produced from the center of the plant, with thick midribs bright red beneath. It is widely used by around 20 million people which represent 20-25% of the population. It can grow up to 18 feet high with leaves 10 feet long. A case study on Gedeo land use". As distinguished from Musa, this plant has a stronger leaf midrib and generally does not produce suckers. Tax included.  Its importance to the diet and economy of the Gurage and Sidama peoples was first recorded by JerÃ³nimo Lobo in the seventeenth century. Huge paddle-shaped leaves (to 10-20’+ long and 2-4’ wide) are bright olive green with prominent midribs. , Another important aspect in which gender plays a role is in the classification of enset varieties. Crop rotation can counteract high nematode infestations.. Dry kocho and bulla are energy-rich and produce from 14 to 20 kJ/g (3.3 to 4.8 kcal/g). Ensete ventricosum - Abyssinian banana Musa velutina - Pink banana Musa sikkimensis - Himalayan banana Musa zebrina - Blood Banana Ensete Glaucum - Snow Banana ; Ensete glaucum! Digging the plants out of the ground and transferring them to pots for the winter. Because of the long period of time from planting to harvest, plantings need to be staggered over time, to ensure that there is enset available for harvest in every season.  However its value as a famine food has fallen for a number of reasons, as detailed in the April 2003 issue of the UN-OCHA Ethiopia unit's Focus on Ethiopia: Apart from an enset plant disease epidemic in 1984â85 which wiped out large parts of the plantations and created the green famine, in the past 10 years major factors were recurrent drought and food shortage together with acute land shortage that forced farmers more and more into consumption of immature plants. Hi Gorah, I'm Barrie from Buckinghamshire...if you've got room in your bedroom, that will be fine...keep turning the plant for even growth, water sparingly but don't let it dry out...keep bedroom cool (min 55F) and watch out for red spider mite...lightly spraying … It is about 3.5 ft in pot, healthy, with a stem as thick as my bunched fist (aggressive analogy there – my apologies!). 7 Comments. Huge and banana-like, ensete maurellii is indigenous to East Africa. , Other pests include nematodes, spider mites, aphids, mole rats, porcupines and wild pigs. The foliage is green and feathered with red on top with a dark crimson underside. Both plants grow large very quickly, making them by far my favourite landscaping plants. 12. pp. "Enset as staple food not valuable anymore to bridge food gap", "Biology of the Enset Root Mealybug Cataenococcus ensete and its Geographical Distribution in Southern Ethiopia", "Density and distribution on enset root mealybugs on enset", "Xanthomonas campestris pv. Fertilize plants regularly during growing season. This contributes to the high number of varieties. Write a Review. Mixed kocho and bulla can be kneaded into dough, then flattened and baked over a fire. They can be grown in the ground or in pots (although it has been my experience they don’t grow as fast in pots). The red Abyssinian banana (Ensete ventricosum ‘Maurelii’) is a magnificent plant with huge red-tinged leaves, ideal as the centrepiece in a tropical-themed border. When sun … Common name. It also needs a protected site. The young and tender tissues in the centre or heart of the plant (the growing point) are cooked and eaten, being tasty and nutritious and very like the core of palms and cycads. Sir John Kirk felt that in habit Ensete livingstonianum was indistinguishable from E. ventricosum and noted that both are found in the mountains of equatorial Africa. HeuzÃ© V., Thiollet H., Tran G., Hassoun P., Lebas F., 2016. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit, as has the cultivar 'Maurelii' (Ethiopian black banana) It is a major crop, although often supplemented with cereal crops. Musas and Ensetes often will not lose their stem if kept frost free but leaves will wither, I … Gardeners in St. Louis primarily grow these plants not for their fruit but for their ornamental foliage that lends an exotic and tropical aura to the home and/or landscape.Genus name is from the Amharic name anset.Specific epithet means having a swelling one one side or pot-bellied.‘Maurelii’, sometimes commonly called red Abyssinian banana, is a cultivar that is primarily distinguished from the species by its foliage that emerges with maroon-red tints and reddish leaf axils. This disease is caused by Mycospharella spp. The process involves removing the majority of leaves. Wait!!! To keep this plant over winter it must be kept in a frost free area. Quantity. 3 or 4 litre well rooted pot – Available to callers/collection only. With a common name of Abyssinian banana you just know you need to have this in any garden for a truly tropical feel.  The only way to avoid the spreading of the disease is in uprooting, burning and burying plants as well as in applying strict control of the knives and tools used to harvest and treat the plants. Enset (E. ventricosum) is Ethiopia's most important root crop, a traditional staple in the densely populated south and southwestern parts of Ethiopia. Cultivar: Maurelii. The enset plant can be subject to multiple diseases that threaten its use in agriculture.  The manifestation of the bacterial wilt is taking place in the apical leaves that will wilt then dry and finally lead to the drying of the whole plant. Ensete ventricosum ‘Maurelii’ Maurelii has large exotic looking paddle shape leaves that will bring an instant tropical feel to your garden. About. Genus Ensete are robust evergreen perennials forming a short stem, with large paddle-shaped leaves and pendent terminal clusters of cup-shaped flowers, followed by dry banana-like fruits Details 'Maurelii' is a tender, evergreen perennial with huge, upright leaves 3m or more in length. , Enset cultivation in Ethiopia is reported to be 10,000 years old, though there is little emprical evidence to support this. , Different studies state the importance of women's knowledge on the different crop varieties. Ensete ventricosum, commonly called Abyssinian banana or wild banana, is a huge, banana-like, evergreen perennial that is very similar to plants in the genus Musa where it once resided as Musa ensete. Bulla is made from the liquid squeezed out of the mixture and sometimes eaten as a porridge, while the remaining solids are suitable for consumption after a settling period of some days. It is estimated that 40 to 60 enset plants occupying 250â375 square metres (2,700â4,000 sq ft) can provide enough food for a family of 5 to 6 people.". Men are banned from the field during this process. Ensete maurelii says exotic garden more than any other plant it has huge green leaves that are suffused with shades of red and purple the edges of the leaves and mid rib are a rich deep red as is the stem the leaves grow upto 3m in height and upto 1m across. The seed does need a high germination temperature, and fresh seed seems to produce better germination rates, but it is not easy to know if seed is fresh. Plants are best grown in organically rich, medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun. In St. Louis, plants may be grown outdoors during the growing season (either directly in the ground or in containers), but must be brought indoors for overwintering or they will not survive. The symptoms are basically dark/brown lesions surrounded by yellow on the leaves.  Additionally, women process enset plants, which is a tedious work (transformation of the plant into useful material, principally food and fibres) for which they generally gather together. Watch out for red spider mite it loves this plant! This is mainly because of a decrease of fertilization through manure and an increase in demand, especially during droughts. They mainly live in the densely populated highlands of south, southwest Ethiopia. Only larger sizes available at the nursery. Family: MUSACEAE. Last year I took on a propagation project with my Ensete Banana plant. Ensete ventricosum 'Maurelii' is almost impossible to overfeed or overwater when actively growing, these monsters repay your efforts in this direction with vigorous growth, sometimes making a new 2.5m leaf each week! Red Abyssinian banana. The plant is quick-growing and often cultivated as an ornamental plant. This plant needs lots of space and lots of attention. This product has no reviews yet. However, the main transport vectors are unclean working tools and the usage of already infected suckers. Ensete ventricosum, commonly called Abyssinian banana or wild banana, is a huge, banana-like, evergreen perennial that is very similar to plants in the genus Musa where it once resided as Musa ensete. Ensete ventricosum Maurelii: The Red Abyssinian Banana. HeuzÃ© V., Thiollet H., Tran G., Hassoun P., Lebas F., 2016. Snow Banana ♥ Ensete glaucum is a larger version of the Abyssinian Banana not so well known, sometimes called Musa nepalensis or Ensete giganteum, or Ensete wilsonii. No serious insect or disease problems. Container plants cut close to the ground in fall each year may never flower.  In its wild form, it is native to the eastern edge of the Great African Plateau, extending northwards from South Africa through Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania to Ethiopia, and west to the Congo, being found in high rainfall forests on mountains, and along forested ravines and streams.. Once settled in and happy, these plants truly are, to use a much trivialised word - awesome. Ensete ventricosum ‘Maurelii’ makes a beautiful specimen with it’s HUGE olive-green and maroon leaves. This basically means that a great many people who used to close the food gap with false banana consumption are not able to do so any more, and lacking a viable alternative, have become food insecure and highly vulnerable to climatic and economic disruptions of their agricultural system.  It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit, as has the cultivar 'Maurelii' (Ethiopian black banana), A good quality fibre, suitable for ropes, twine, baskets, and general weaving, is obtained from the leaves.  Each plant takes four to five years to mature, at which time a single root will yield about 40 kg (88 lb) of food. These problems can be solved by either watering the field when drought is present or by draining the soil to avoid too much water. Botanically known as Ensete Ventricosum [en-SET-ee, ven-tre-KO-sum], Ensete Maurelii [en-SET-ee, mor-REE-lee] is an herbaceous perennial and belongs to the flowering plant family Musaceae (banana plant). After flowering, the plant dies. Ensete Maurelii is a banana plant, appreciated for its size, its exceptionally large leaves and its wonderful red colour. After flowering and fruiting, the pseudostem dies. I can't believe I haven't posted this subject before. In 1853 the British Consul at Mussowah sent some seeds to Kew Gardens, mentioning that their native name was ansett. Plants need consistently moist soils that do not dry out. The Latin specific epithet ventricosum means âwith a swelling on the side, like a bellyâ. Ensete ventricosum is extremely fast growing, and will quickly grow into a space, as the focal point of the display. In 1769, the celebrated Scottish traveller James Bruce first sent a description and quite accurate drawings of a plant common in the marshes around Gondar in Abyssinia, confidently pronounced it to be "no species of Musa" and wrote that its local name was "ensete". Options for overwintering include: (1) Bring container plant indoors in fall before first frost and place container in a large sunny room for overwintering as a houseplant, with reduced water and fertilization; (2) If container plant is too large to bring inside as a houseplant, cut foliage back to 6-8” in fall after first frost, and store container in a cool, dark, frost-free corner of the basement until spring, with periodic addition of a touch of moisture as needed in winter to prevent the soils from totally drying out; (3) If container plant is too heavy or too large to bring inside, remove plant from container in fall before first frost, wrap roots in plastic and store in a cool, dark, frost-free corner of the basement until spring (foliage may be trimmed back or left on the plant and allowed to brown up in the normal course); (4) If growing plants directly in the ground, dig, wrap roots, trim back the leaves and store as in option #3 above. Do not leave this process until the night before the first frost. Winter hardy to USDA Zones 10-11. Genus: Ensete. Enset will tolerate drought better than most cereal crops. At such times, enset becomes the only resource available. , Enset biodiversity is preserved not only due to the presence of different ethnic groups but also due to different householdsâ wealth status. Hence farmers were overexploiting their Enset reserves thereby causing gradual losses and disappearance of the false banana as an important household food security reserve.
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