Flat leaf variety of spinach, normally called spinach, is available in the market in bunches with soil still attached to the leaves as it grows very close to the ground. Flat Leaf Spinach (Spinach) Flat Leaf Spinach. Once at home, wash them thoroughly in clean running water, and rinse in salt water for about 30 minutes in order to remove dirt and any insecticide residues. Spinach is best available during the winter season. In California, the smooth or flat leaf spinach cultivars are grown almost exclusively, though some semisavoy ... name indicate the downy mildew races (DM) to which the cultivar is resistant: Avenger (DM 1–7, 9), Spinach, (Spinacia oleracea), hardy leafy annual of the amaranth family (Amaranthaceae), used as a vegetable. The name is due to its dark green, crinkly and curly leaves. Seasons/Availability Bloomsdale spinach is available year-around. The common name of a leaf can change depending on your location. illeg. Summer sowing in soil over 85°F (30°C) risks low or erratic germination. Updates? Spinach is a dark, leafy green vegetable that is packed with vitamins and other nutrients. Known by its scientific name, Spinacia oleracea, spinach is an annual leafy green that has been used for food thousands of years. Widely grown in northern Europe and the United States, spinach is marketed fresh, canned, and frozen. Omissions? How to Propagate Spinach. illeg. Variety - Matador Baby Leaf Spinach. Cultivation. As you can guess from the name, this spinach has smooth leaves. The scientific name of Spinach is the botanical name or formal name. True spinach (Spinacea oleracia) grows best in the cooler temperatures of spring and fall, although early and late varieties can extend the season into summer and winter. It is almost not spinach but, still categorized as one. We’ve put together a presentation of 76 real images of leaves with their common names, scientific names, plant families, venation systems, and common uses. As such, this variety is … This type of spinach is slow in bolting and can tolerate high heat. Flat-leaf spinach is best eaten raw. In South Africa it is usually referred to simply as ‘spinach’. 2. This spinach plant has a fast growth rate with a harvest period of 40- 45 days. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Spinach has a deep taproot and a shallow yet extensive branching root system, with most of its feeder roots in the top few inches of the soil. Varieties of Spinach for Growing Spinach in Containers: There are many varieties of spinach, they are categorized based on their leaf type and their growing season. Plant type Vegetable. “Scientific nomenclature” refers to various names according to a specific field of study. Spanish: espinaca; French: epinard; Portuguese: espinafre; Local Common Names… Widely grown in northern Europe and the United States, spinach is marketed fresh, canned, and frozen. Spinach is an annual edible flowering plant whose leaves we use for nourishment since the ancient times. It has many advantages such as: Classification and organisation – Entities are comprehensively organised which makes understanding and studying characteristics of particular entities easy and organized There are two basic leaf types: 1) smooth or flat … Common name: These are used locally and may vary by region or country. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Make sure to clean the bunch properly to remove all the soil but do not soak in water for a long time as it tends to lose some of its nutritional values. It has a flat smooth textured leaf, and cleaning this spinach is really very easy. Common Name: Spinach: Scientific Name: Spinacea oleracia: Germination Time: 8-15 days: Days to Harvest: 40ish, varies by variety: Light: Full sun to part shade: Water: About 1” per week: Temperature: Cool-season, 60-75 degrees preferred: Humidity: Can tolerate some humidity: Soil: Well-draining, alkaline soil: Fertilizer: High nitrogen fertilizer and compost: Pests The plant produces a rosette of fleshy, non-hairy leaves that tend to be broad and tender. While these spinach varieties look much different from the savoy due to their smooth, uncurled leaves, they are still spinach! This article was most recently revised and updated by, Healthline - Spinach 101: Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits, spinach - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), spinach - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Scientific Leaf Names. This article is the first in a series on scientific nomenclature within specific kingdoms. Whereas savoy spinach needs a bit of elbow grease to clean thoroughly, flat-leaf spinach doesn’t take much to prepare. They can also be used in salads. Flat-leaf spinach. Approximate seeds per gram - 40. Description - Matador is quick-growing, maturing approximately 8 to 10 weeks from sowing. For some time, the English referred to it as the Spanish vegetable because it came through Spain via the Moors. Loose spinach is easiest to evaluate for quality, since you can fully examine every leaf individually. It is easy to clean and often grown for canning. Pack Size - Available in 50 gram and 1kg packs. Fresh spinach is sold loose, in bunches, and in bags that usually hold about 10 ounces. Lucullus, another variety sold in this country, has a lighter green colour and a rather narrow stem that’s the same colour as the leaf. While there are many things that are called spinach, including some oddball things like chard, the spinach plant is known by the botanical name Spinacea oleracia. Make sure to clean the bunch properly to remove all the soil but do not soak in water for a long time as it tends to lose some of its nutritional values. Spinacia inermis Moench., nom. It’s believed that the plant originated two Millennia ago in ancient Persia. Water spinach, with its scientific name, Ipomoea aquatica, is known by many other common names in different countries, such as Kangkong, Swamp morning glory, and Ong Choy. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. How to choose the best spinach. Nutritional profile As use as and ingredient, Spinach is divided into three basic types. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Preferred Scientific Name. Scientific name - Spincaea oleracea. Results of a name search (scientific name view) for the United States Department of Agriculture PLANTS database Baby spinach is a type of flat-leaf spinach. Spinach varieties come in Savoy, Semi-savoy, and Flat-leafed types, with many cultivars of each. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Harvesting However, it is sensitive to acidity so its pH level must be around 6.5 to 7.5. Where is the line between fruit and vegetable really drawn? It is sold loose or pre-washed and packaged. It is a Latin derived word and it’s used to standardize a leaf for scientific research. The simple leaves are somewhat triangular or ovate and may be flat or puckered. Taxonomy. The flat texture makes this variety ideal for processing. According to BBC Good Food, use of the word Florentine to describe a dish with spinac… In Season: Fresh spinach … Each tree belongs to a plant family. Scientific Amaranthus cruentus English African spinach Blood amaranth Mexican grain amaranth Prince’s feather Purple amaranth Red amaranth Spanish Alegría Huautli French Amarante rouge German Rispenfuchsschwanz. SOWING DATES: Spinach germinates best in cool soil. Now, it’s grown in all corners of the globe. Approximate seeds per gram - 40. There are three basic types: Savoy has dark green, crinkly leaves. Spinach is easy to grow from seed in a container garden, raised bed or traditional garden plot. Spinach varieties come in Savoy, Semi-savoy, and Flat-leafed types, with many cultivars of each. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Spinacia oleracea CULTURE: Spinach grows in a wide range of soils if moist and fertile, but is sensitive to acidity; pH should be at least 6.0, preferably 6.5-7.5. It received considerable impetus as a crop in the 1920s, when attention was first called to its high content of iron and vitamins A and C. Spinach is served as a salad green and as a cooked vegetable. Scientific name - Spincaea oleracea. Although it can be stored in the refrigerator for up to a week, fresh l… ), Pythium sylvaticum (seedling rot of conifers), Pythium tracheiphilum (bottom rot of lettuce). Spinach is grown for its green leaves. Flat-Leaf Spinach. This variety is harvestable earlier than the savoy and its leaves are easier to clean, so it is often used for canning. See Growing Spinach for information on how to grow spinach. While these spinach varieties look much different from the savoy due to their smooth, uncurled leaves, they are still spinach! Spinach is an annual plant (rarely biennial) growing as tall as 30 cm (1 ft).Spinach may overwinter in temperate regions.The leaves are alternate, simple, ovate to triangular, and very variable in size: 2–30 cm (1–12 in) long and 1–15 cm (0.4–5.9 in) broad, with larger leaves at the base of the plant and small leaves higher on the flowering stem. flat-leaf spinach, the popular, smooth-textured variety that works well in salads and is best eaten raw. Beet mild yellowing virus (beet mild yellowing), Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (rhizomania), Beet western yellows virus (turnip (mild) yellows), Broad bean wilt virus (lamium mild mosaic), Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas), Cercospora beticola (cercospora leaf spot of beets), Choanephora cucurbitarum (Choanephora fruit rot), Clavigralla tomentosicollis (African pod bug), Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode), Liriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer), Listroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil), Nacobbus aberrans (false root-knot nematode), Peronospora farinosa (downy mildew: Chenopodiaceae), Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion), Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot), Spoladea recurvalis (Hawaiian beet webworm), Achatina fulica (giant African land snail), Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot), Bean yellow mosaic virus (bean yellow mosaic), Cladosporium variabile (leaf spot: spinach), Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum), Ditylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode), Dociostaurus maroccanus (Moroccan locust), Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. Avoid those with dull/sunkenleaves, yellow discoloration, and spots. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Spinacia oleracea CULTURE: Spinach grows in a wide range of soils if moist and fertile, but is sensitive to acidity; pH should be at least 6.0, preferably 6.5-7.5. It can grow up to 30 cm in height and its leaves can have a width of up to 15 cm and length of 30 cm. Spinacia oleracea L. Preferred Common Name. Major insect pests of spinach in the Midwest: aphid looper flea beetle leaf miner root maggot cutworm. The UF|IFAS says the scientific name of a leaf is the same worldwide. Seed can be sown every two weeks from early spring to late summer, in rows 30 cm (12 inches) apart, the plantlets being thinned in the row. The first two come from figures out of Greek mythology. Fresh spinach is sold loose, in bunches, and in bags that usually hold about 10 ounces. Source: Lorika13. …percentage of the calcium in spinach is absorbed because spinach also contains large amounts of oxalic...…, lettuce, parsley, spinach, and chive; an immature flower, such as cauliflower, broccoli, and artichoke;...…, (maize); cabbage, lettuce, and spinach are suited to vacuum cooling; air cooling is preferred for bean,...…. 'Semi-savoy'. The name … Symbol: SPOL. The second type of Spinach is flat-or-smooth leaf. It has also been investigated in satiety trials for curbing hunger and … Names. 10) Teton. Smooth-Flat Leaf Spinach. The red leaves are eaten as a vegetable, just like spinach. General Information. 9) Malabar Spinach. Spinacia spinosa Moench., nom. They also work well in other cooked applications where the leaf shape isn’t as identifiable. spinaciae (anthracnose: spinach), Gibberella pulicaris (basal canker of hop), Neonectria radicicola (black root of strawberry), Pythium paroecandrum (root rot: Phacelia spp. Common Names for Spinach: Spinach, Palak, leafy greens, Persian vegetable etc. Flat-leaf spinach comes in two major types as follows: Space Spinach. The first type of Spinach is called Savoy. Family: 11) New Zealand Spinach A few names on this list will fascinate those interested in the derivation of plant names: Achillea millefolium, Adonis amurensis, and Bougainvillea. Latin name: Beta vulgaris L. subsp. Spinach requires cool weather and deep, rich, well-limed soil to give quick growth and maximum leaf area. Main producer (s) China, United States of America. Red Kitten spinach leaves with some arugula. Believed to have originated in ancient Persia, it rapidly spread from there to India, then China, and then throughout most of the world. Variety - Matador Baby Leaf Spinach. Flat-leaf or smooth-leaf has broad smooth leaves. The varieties of Flat-leaf are space and red cardinal. Fresh market spinach is hand harvested, but processing spinach can be machine cut at the crown, just above soil level. Current Facts Bloomsdale spinach, botanically known as Spinacia oleracea, is … Plant Family. Having the scientific name “Spinacia oleracea”, space spinach typically grows in a wide range of moist and fertile soil. Occasionally leaf spots, either Cercospora leaf spot or Anthracnose, may develop on the upper sides of the leaves, then fall out to form holes. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Semi-savoy is a hybrid variety. Spinach History - Origins of Different Types of Spinach. The last sowings produce young plants that yield a crop in the autumn and stand over the winter, providing leaves in early spring or even through the winter if the weather is not too severe. Mustard greens, like spinach, are the storehouse of many phytonutrients that have health promotional and disease prevention properties. These plants are very slow to bolt and feature deep green oval leaves. But flat-leaf spinach is sold fresh as well. Spinach is full of vitamins, nutrients, and antioxidants that helps lower blood pressure, reduce oxidative stress, and … Loose spinach is easiest to evaluate for quality, since you can fully examine every leaf individually. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. It may play a role in the prevention of cancer, cardiovascular disease, age-related macular degeneration, and the degeneration of immune and neurological systems. Thick fleshy leaves of the Malabar spinach make it easy to recognize. Pelurga comitata, the dark spinach is a moth of the family Geometridae. Leaves are typically oval, rounded, or triangular and are borne on a short stem. Flat leaf spinach is one of the most popular variety of spinach found in United states. Main Economic Use Culinary, Agricultural industry. Group: Dicot. Spinach belongs to the family of Solanaceae. Select small spinach leaves with good green color and a crisp, springy texture. NAME: Fordhook Giant Swiss Chard OTHER COMMON NAMES: Perpetual Spinach SCIENTIFIC NAME: Beta Vulgaris var Cicla COLOR: Green Crumpled Leaves with White Veins & Stalks PLANT SEEDS: Outdoors after frost / Indoors weeks before last frost PLANT HEIGHT: 12 - 48" PLANT SPACING: 4 - 6" HARDINESS ZONE: Biennial HARVEST: 55 Days Spinach is susceptible to rust but most varieties are rust resistant. It is simple to wash and clean in comparison to varieties of crinkly savoy. Pack Size - Available in 50 gram and 1kg packs. Many of the reported actions of spinach are related to its antioxidant properties. Leaf-mustard is very low in calories (27 calories per 100 g raw leaves) and fats. Flat-leaf spinach comes in two major types as follows: Space Spinach. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Brassica oleracea CULTURE: Kale prefers a fertile, well-drained soil high in organic matter with a pH range of 6.0–7.5. The edible leaves are arranged in a rosette, from which a seed stalk emerges. Beet; Common name: beet. Native region North Africa/Middle East. Leaf Identification Guide. Spinach produces a rosette of leaves that may be wrinkled (savoy or semisavoy types) or smooth (flat leaf types). The flowers are inconspicuous and produce small dry fruits. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Begin sowing in early spring as soon as the ground can be worked. It goes well for dhal or any other dishes also and it can be eaten with rice or chapathi. How to choose the best spinach. However, it is sensitive to acidity so its pH level must be around 6.5 to 7.5. International Common Names. I am pretty certain it did not include the same spinach varieties that are discussed here, but it was not visually appealing as it came out of a can. Consistent moisture will produce the best quality leaves.